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Hover Travel and Bee Travel Species Assortment

Bee Varieties Variety

Of 2009 in order to 2018, 192 bee kinds (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Anthophila) have been caught inside the Calanques Federal Park through both websites and you may dish trap collections. They belonged to half dozen family members and you will 38 genera. Megachilidae is actually the absolute most variety-steeped family unit members, followed by Apidae and Halictidae, having 53, forty-two, and you will 43 types, correspondingly. Andrena Fabricius, 1775 was the latest wealthiest genus, that have 33 varieties, while seven genera was indeed portrayed from the just one variety (Stelis Panzer, 1806; Protosmia Ducke, 1900; Pseudoanthidium Friese, 1898; Coelioxys Latreille, 1809; Chelostoma Latreille, 1809; Anthidiellum Cockerell, 1904; Amegilla Friese, 1897; Panurgus Panzer, 1806; Supp Table step 1 [on line simply] ). Making use of the jackknife step 1 and you can dos indexes, the bee variety fullness are estimated to get anywhere between ± 9.89 and you can ± . The latest noticed richness ergo represented 71.3 to help you 79.6% of projected bee richness ( Desk 2). The new Chao1 means estimated the new observed richness becoming 76.8% of your potential restriction richness ( Table dos). The most plentiful species try Apis mellifera L. (276 individuals), followed by Rhodanthidium septemdentatum (Latreille, 1809), Rh. sticticum (Fabricius, 1787) (174 and you can 168 people, respectively), and you will Lasioglossum transitorium (Shenck, 1868) (113 some body). Finally, fifty varieties (26%) have been depicted because of the singular private (singletons).

Ecological Attributes out-of Bees

Concerning your ecological faculties off nesting choice, i known 59 unmarried bee variety nesting significantly more than ground, ninety five unmarried bee types nesting underground and you will 23 cleptoparasitic types, comparable to 30.7, 47.9, and you may several.0% of one’s full bee kinds fullness, respectively. We detected four societal types (bumble bees and you may honey bees-dos.1%). In the end, the new nesting choice out-of fourteen species are still unknown (seven.3%- Supp Table step 1 [on line only] ). Concerning your flowery diet plan out of bee types, i unearthed that 105 species (54.7%) foraged to the a variety of bush species (we.age., generalist types, polylectic) and you may 51 species (twenty-six.5%) foraged using one plant loved ones otherwise one to/partners plant kinds (i.e., professional variety, oligolectic). To your leftover 36 bee variety (18.8%), the fresh flowery eating plan was not understood (e.grams., to have cleptoparasitic types). Although not, most generalist variety displayed a preference for starters otherwise several bush families ( Supp Dining table step one [online merely] ). On 49 singletons, fourteen bee kinds (28%) was in fact specialist, and you can 9 bee kinds (18%) were cleptoparasitic ( Supp Dining table step one [on the internet only] ).

A keen IUCN status is actually available for 178 varieties (excluding the brand new variety buildings and you may not known types). Among those, 47 kinds had been categorized as the investigation deficient (DD-26.4%), 124 variety was the very least worried (LC-69.6%), half dozen species have been near threatened (NT-step three.4%; Andrena ovatula (Kirby, 1802), Colletes albomaculatus (Lucas, 1849), Dasypoda argentata Panzer, 1809, Halictus quadricinctus (Fabricius, 1776), Lasioglossum prasinum (Smith, 1848), and you will L. pygmaeum (Schenck, 1853)), and another variety are noticed threatened (EN-0.6%; L. soror (Saunders, 1901)- Supp Table step one [on the web just] ). About three oligolectic variety have been among the 7 threatened bee types. An excellent. ovatula and you will C. albomaculatus was specialists towards Fabaceae, D. argentata try a specialist to the Caprifoliaceae.

Out of 2009 to 2018, 38 types of hover flies (Diptera: Syrphidae) was stuck for the Calanques Federal Playground. It belonged to 24 genera ( Supp Dining table 2 [on line just] ). One particular plentiful genera was in fact Paragus Latreille, 1804 (33 some one), Meliscaeva Frey, 1946 (14 some body), and you may Sphaerophoria Lepeletier de Saint-Fargeau Audinet-Serville within the Latreille, 1828 (thirteen individuals), whereas 20 kinds (53%) was portrayed of the only one private ( Supp Dining table 2 [on line merely] ). The newest bee flies (Diptera: Bombyliidae) was represented by the 20 varieties, along with four singletons (25%) ( Supp Dining table step three [on the internet merely] ). The newest estimate regarding full kinds fullness from hover flies and you will bee flies try between 83 and you may 97 types utilizing the jackknife step one and you will 2 indexes, respectively. For that reason, the new noticed richness depicted 59.8–69.9% of your estimated hover fly and you will bee travel richness ( Dining table dos).